Herbert Clark Hoover
Herbert C. Hoover served one term as the thirty-first U.S. president from 1929 to 1933. Hoover was born in West Branch, Iowa, on August 10, 1874. He was orphaned at an early age and lived with an uncle in Oregon. In 1891, Hoover graduated from Stanford University. He pursued mining engineering in many parts of the world, including work in Australia, Africa, and China. While in China, he directed food relief operations for victims of the Boxer Rebellion.
When World War I began, Hoover was a wealthy mining engineer. He was appointed as chairman of the American Relief Commission, served as the chairman of the Commission for Belgium Relief, and finally became the U.S. Food Administrator. Hoover was recognized as a great humanitarian and an excellent administrator.
Herbert Clark Hoover’s Revolutionary War ancestor was Jacobus Wynne, a private in the first Regiment, Ulster County Militia, New York Troops. Another SAR ancestor was Isaac Sherman, a lieutenant in the Second Regiment of the New York Line. On November 1, 1928, President Hoover accepted an invitation to join the Pennsylvania SAR. He visited the national SAR Headquarters on 16th Street for his SAR membership ceremony.
Hoover served separately as part of both Presidents Harding and Coolidge’s administrative cabinets. When President Coolidge chose not to run for reelection, Herbert Hoover ran for and was elected as president. Hoover worked conscientiously at being a good president and has been harshly judged because of the enusing Great Depression. In 1929, the American stock market crashed and the economy collapsed. There was widespread unemployment. Hoover was defeated by Franklin D. Roosevelt for the next presidential term.
At the conclusion of World War II, President Truman appointed Hoover as the coordinator of the European Food Program. Later, he was appointed chairman of the Commission to Reorganize the Executive Branch. Hoover died in the city of New York on October 20, 1964, at the age of ninety. President Hoover is buried at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum in West Branch, Iowa.