Second Lieutenant Oscar Fitzalan Long
Second Lieutenant Oscar Fitzalan Long (Indian Campaigns)
Oscar Fitzalan Long was born June 16, 1852 in Utica, NY. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in the Class of 1876 and assigned to the 5th U.S. Infantry. He served in the Army until 1904 – mostly in the American West.
During the campaign against Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce on September 30, 1877, Second Lieutenant Oscar Long was one of nine men who received the Medal of Honor for valor at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain. His citation reads, “"Having been directed to order a troop of cavalry to advance, and finding both its officers killed, he voluntarily assumed command, and under a heavy fire from the Indians advanced the troop to its proper position." The medal was awarded on March 22, 1895.
After retiring as a Brigadier General in 1904, Oscar Long moved to Oakland, California and became a businessman.
Oscar F. Long signed his SAR application on August 1, 1895. His SAR National number is 7033. He was a member of the District of Columbia Society. His DC Society number is 533. His Patriot ancestor is Cornelius Mabrie of Rotterdam, NY, First Lieutenant, Captain John Van Patten’s Company, Colonel Abraham Wemple’s New York Regiment.
A collection of his papers are on file with the University of California at Berkley. These include correspondence, Army Orders, maps and manuscripts of military pamphlets that relate to Long's army career, especially to battles with the Montana Indians of the Yellowstone District, 1877-1878, and to his work in the Quartermaster Department.
Brigadier General Oscar F. Long died December 23, 1928 at age 76 years and is buried at Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, CA.